A waste processing plant in Lviv at vul. Plastova 13 is expected to become operational in two years’ time. With the processing capacity of 240 thousand tons of waste per year, it will be the first complex of this kind in Ukraine built to a European design.
The plant will operate on the basis of mechanical-biological processing technology. At the mechanical stage, glass, metals, polymers, waste paper and Tetra Pak packaging will be sorted out using special automated equipment and partially using manual labor. Then, the secondary raw materials will go for recycling, while the organic waste will be composted.
This waste processing complex is compliant with the requirements of the National Waste Management Strategy until 2030, based on the best available technologies used in Europe and recognized there as efficient instruments of solving the waste processing problem. In addition, the EU uses BAT (Best Available Technologies for waste processing) document as a guideline. The Lviv plant will employ the approach and technology most commonly found in the updated versions of 2015-2016.
“The key objective of the mechanical-biological processing plant is to reduce the volume of residual waste utilized by burial”, Green City ЛКП Director Vadym Nozdria explains. “The share of residual (processed and compressed) waste will be at least 30%”, Vadym Nozdria says. “In addition, the Law of Ukraine on Waste states that effective 1 January 2018, all waste must be processed before being disposed of by burial”.
Moreover, the Lviv plant is going to produce alternative fuel: RDF, refuse-derived fuel from dried and ground waste not used as a secondary raw material.
“The plant will feature quality separation of waste fractions, and the process itself will be controllable and safe”, Vadym Nozdria says. “In particular, there will be several different areas and 24 closed-type tunnels with climate and emission control, plus special filters to suppress unpleasant odors”.
European experts from EBRD and the Eastern Europe Energy Efficiency and Environment Partnership, the organizations financing this project, will be responsible for consultations and oversight of construction and environmental standards and financial expenses.
The new plant will operate in two shifts. The project allows for the plant’s modernization or introduction of the additional third shift if the workload increases.
“If all tender procedures will be completed on time, construction of a waste processing plant in Lviv can start in 2019 and continue for 24 months”, Green City ЛКП Director adds. “At the moment, we are working on procuring all authorizations and handling all formalities in order to complete development of the project’s design and pass a comprehensive state construction examination”.
12 companies, including European enterprises that have the experience in building similar complexes in the neighboring countries, are competing for the contract for construction of a waste processing plant in Lviv. “Soon, we expect to announce the list of companies admitted to the second round of the tender”, Vadym Nozdria says. “We hope to sign a contract with the tender’s winner by the end of this year”.
Besides construction of a plant, Lviv authorities want to implement a new system of separate waste collection. Separate receptacles will be installed in the streets for collection of wet and dry (paper, plastic, metals, Tetra Pak packaging) waste and also glass. There will be special sites across the city to collect electronics, oversized and construction waste. A separate site for collection of items that do not fit into an ordinary receptacle will be set up on the premise of the plant itself.
Today, Poland already has 150 waste processing plants built to a European design.
By Natalia Yakovleva